Arsifa Deliyana

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Week 2 Visual Semiotic & Photography


The Procession of Simulacra

Simulacra and simulation is a 1981 philosophical treatise by Jean Baudrillard trying to grill the connections between reality, symbols and society. Simulacra are copies that that delineate things that either had no reality in any case, or that no more have an original. Simulation is the impersonation of the operation of a real-world process or system over time.

Baudrillard claims that our present society supplanted all reality and significance with images and signs, and that human experience is of a simulation reality. The simulacra that Baudrillard alludes to are the connotations and symbol of culture and media that develop perceived reality, the procured understanding by which our lives and shared presence is and are rendered readable.

Baudrillard trusted that society has turned out to be so soaked with the develops of society that every single significance was being rendered negligible by being vastly changeable. Baudrillard called this wonder the “The Procession of Simulacra”. Simulacra and Simulation breaks the sign-order into four phases:

1. It is the reflection of a profound reality – this phase is a faithful image or copy where people believe in. This is a good appearance in what Baudrillard called “The Sacramental Order”.
2. It masks and denatures a profound reality – this phase is perversion of reality where people start to see the sign to be unfaithful copy.
3. It masks the absence of a profound reality – this phase is where the simulacrum pretends to be a faithful copy, but it is a copy with no original.
4. It has no relation to any reality whatsoever – this phase is pure simulation where it explains that it is its own pure simulacrum.



Baudrillard, J. (2008). The Procession of Simulacra. Retrieved September 11, 2016, from



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