Theory of Emotion: Emotion and Bodily Changes
We are rational human being. We think, feel, and act. Understanding the truth and lie, we choose the better one, the truth. We use logic thinking, pretend to the value. Until the limit, we are in touch with feeling, because we are emotional. Moreover, most of affairs in our daily life colored by feeling and emotion. It has many color, can be red as anger, white as sincerity, yellow as cheerfulness, or blue as sadness.They give meaning to the life. Then, what is emotion? How do emotion affect us?
Based on James-Lange theory, emotion is the feeling of the bodily changes as they occur, where the common sensational, associational and motor elements explain all. For example, running because feel afraid.
In the case, a boy was driving his motorcycle in Klender Fly Over, East Jakarta. Suddenly, there were robbers that coming from the back and left side. He knew that he can be harmed or even killed by them if he is being caught. That situation encouraged him to accelerate his driving, no matter what happened. After a while, he just realized that he was afraid. Fear as emotion arose as a result of perception: heart beat faster, panting breath, and being limp or trembling in the hands and feet.
In relation between emotion and the bodily changes, James-Lange give the plot as: The perception of an environmental situation which might result in emotion. Reaction to the situation with specific patterns of bodily activity. Perception of pattern of bodily activity results in felt emotions-a different one for each pattern of bodily activity.
Another definition of emotion put forward by Walter Cannon and Philip Bard. The theory known as Cannon-Bard theory, where emotion and the bodily changes are not depending each other, both triggered alternately. According to this theory, patterns of activity produced in lower brain area (e.g., the hypothalamus). Patterns of lower brain activity perceived in cerebral cortex as felt emotion. Patterns of bodily activity expressing the emotion.
University college london; brain regions generate reactions that contribute to emotional reaction. (2005). Biotech Week, , 1077. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/205673419?accountid=108784
Oxford university press; prof. james theory of emotion. (1894). Mind Association., 77. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2247933