Arsifa Deliyana

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Week 1 A history of storytelling: Oral histories


This week is the first meeting for Narratives Concepts and Storytelling class. We introduced to the course policies and procedures. The lecturer explained about the learning outcomes. We are expected to complete the course successful.

The sub-topic in this week is A history of storytelling: Oral histories. In the class, we learned the concepts and outcomes of different narrative forms. I can enlarge my knowledge about narrative itself. At least, I know what narrative is and the types of narrative. Narrative is something that happened, has certain plots, subjects, and settings. The types of narrative are: autobiography, biography, captivity narrative, epic poem, fable fantasy, historical fiction, legend, play, quest narrative, realistic fiction, short story, tall tale, news and parable. It is important to know the basic of narrative, because narrative is part of storytelling. Storytelling is conveyed of narrative within the words, voices, illustrations, etc.

Storytelling is preceded by oral tradition that has been existing since prehistory era. At that time, the stories were told orally. It is the way to deliver messages and retell experiences to the other, especially from the older to the younger. This tradition was kept until the history era begin.

Entering the new era, stories were started retold by put it as iconography or typography. There are sharp distinctions about how stories were delivered in Western and Arab. In Western culture, we can find the ancients of earlier human beings in the forms of iconography. It tells about their traditions or as a symbolization of  their believes, written in the caves. Apart from that, we cannot find any iconography in Arabic culture. The reasons are: Arabic had just known after the history era begin, no symbolization for living things. That is why, the stories were told in the form of calligraphy, for instance.



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