Arsifa Deliyana


American History: The Progressive Era

Which of the progressive presidents was the most progressive? Which was the least progressive? Explain. The Progressive Era

Theodore Roosevelt, 26th American President served in office from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909, was the most progressive among the Progressive Leaders. According to The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project of The George Washington University, progressivism gained a strong voice in the White House when Theodore Roosevelt became president in 1901, on the national level. During Theodore Roosevelt presidency, Progressivism and Progressive Movement was at its peak. On the other words, Theodore Rosevelt succeeded to promote the progressive reforms. His influence on Progressive Movement focused on efficiency and fairness. He believed American welfare could only be achieved if there were strong corporations and this corporate behavior must be under supervision to ensure that corporate greed did not get out of hand (trust-busting and federal regulation of business). Two other main Progressive presidents were William Howard Taft (1909-1913) and Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921). Their administrations mainly focused on social and political change in American society.

The Progressive Movement was led by male and female Progressives from all stake of society. These progressives were members of the Republican and Democrat political parties; well educated middle-class Americans, poorer Americans (often union activists); crusading Journalists, photographers and authors, also known as Muckrakers; teachers and educators; and members of the clergy. Jacob Riis, John Dewey, Lester Frank Ward, Frank Norris, Ida Tarbell, Thomas Nast, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Robert La Follette, Henry Demarest Lloyd, David Graham Philips, Upton Sinclair, Charles Edward Russell, Alice Paul, John Spargo, Eugene Debs, Lincoln Steffens, Ray Stannard Baker, Jane Addams, Booker T. Washinton, W.E.B. DuBois, Theodore Dreiser, Walter Rauschenbusch and Ida B.Wells were also notable Progressives Leaders. Many of them also recognized as Muckrakers, reform-minded American journalists.

Agricultural depression in the early 1890s and industrial depression began in 1893 brought about a need for  Progressive Era. Apart from agricultural and industrialization issues, the need of intense reform also caused by other issues such as female suffrage, education, working conditions, unionization, the problems of urbanization, immigration, and child labor. As a response to the economic and social problems, Progressivism emerged.  Progressivism in United States was basically a reform movement occured on Progressive Era (1890-1920). Progressivism movement started as a social movement and developed into a political movement. The movement encompassed various ideas and activities of reformist pressure groups. Progressives, groups of people struck for reforms, attacked corruption and injustice or unfair business practices. These progressives believed that the issues society faced could be best be managed and resolved by giving good education, a safe environment, and an efficient workplace.


The Progressive Era (1890 – 1920). (n.d.). Retrieved June 20, 2017, from

Progressive Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved June 20, 2017, from

Technopreneurship: Book Review, The Art of the Start

The Art of the Start 2.0

the Time-Tested, Battle Hardened Guide for Anyone

by Guy Kawasaki

The Art of the Start: the Time-Tested, Battle Hardened Guide for Anyone written by Guy Kawasaki is a guide for anyone wants to start any business. This book delivers Guy’s formula on how to build a startup company from idea to concept to business model up to execution. It tells readers about what entrepreneurs do and do not. The book consists of four different sections: Conception, Activation, Proliferation, and Obligation with thirteen chapters on it. In each chapter featured by GIST, exercise, mini chapter, addenda for FAQ, and recommended reading. These features enrich the content and distinguished it from other conventional book.

The first chapter of the book, The Art of Starting Up, highlights the GIST (Great Ideas for Starting Things). It explains the most essential parts an entrepreneur must accomplish in starting a startup. The ideas are answer simple questions, find sweet spot, find soul mates, make meaning, make mantra, pick a business model, weave a MATT (Milestones, Assumptions, Tests, and Tasks), keep things clean and simple, and do something cling worthy. The point of this chapter is forming the DNA of the startup, and this genetic code is permanent. In other words, the concept made in this stage will be the foundation of the startup.

In the second section of the book, Kawasaki goes further into startup activation. He explains in details about launching – new beginning of startup’s activation. Last decades, product launch was a determinant of the startup future. It was costly, so if it is unsuccessful, the startup might be bankrupt. Unlike today, technologies give advantages to entrepreneurs launch their product with low cost until no cost. Kawasaki supports the fact that entrepreneurs can just launch the product for free now by using social media. However, these entrepreneurs still need to take it serious by making preparation before the launching. Good entrepreneurs do positioning and targeting to the segmented market. Besides having launching in the activation process, Kawasaki writes four more arts of starting covered leading, bootstrapping, fund-raising, and pitching.

Continuing to the next section, the book provides full-package of advice and action items in relation with the proliferation. Kawasaki gives guidelines on building a team, evangelizing, socializing, rainmaking, partnering, and enduring.  It is essential for entrepreneurs to build a team in purpose to running the startup and facing big challenges. The main task is looking for the most effective candidates who believe in the startup and can do what it needs. Besides, these candidates must be likeable and trustworthy rather than having perfect background. Kawasaki also adds up useful tips on partnering like as: partner for “spreadsheet” reasons for the sake of financial forecast, cut win-win deals and get out of the belly – being stuck in partnering with big organization.

The last section of this book presents The Art of Being a Mensch explaining about how to achieve menschhood. This is the stage when an entrepreneur is recognized, by the people, as someone who are ethical, graceful and admirable. It is the highest form of commend and the pinnacle of a career. Kawasaki aspires entrepreneurs to a higher goal than making lots of money and building a large organization. Being an entrepreneur does not mean tell people what to do, buy nice stuff or travel to fun places. Good entrepreneurs create cool stuff, sell it and help people use it, hire people to help and build a company. Getting that far, entrepreneurs do something they love. They have a vision to give people a good life and make the world a better place. When they succeed, they do their obligation, repay the society, help many people and do what’s right.

One of the strengths of this book is the ability of the author to go off-topic and then return. Kawasaki is capable of delivering his proven business wisdom in accessible terms and with plentiful illustrative examples. He goes smoothly from one topic to the other topics, and explains it chronologically with insertion of story and illustration. The example of Get a Morpheus on The Art of Leading chapter is a very creative illustration. People know Morpheus is the character who delivered truth in Matrix movie. As well as in the movie, organization needs Morpheus as the one who is telling the right things to do. Morpheus, as Kawasaki says, acts as the expert who tells good or bad. This expert is needed to ensure that entrepreneurs realize when they are in denial just in case the denial is damaging the organization.

Informative and details are the second strength of this book. These plus point is shown in the part of The Art of Pitching. The reading in this chapter opens the eye of entrepreneurs to be aware of tiny details before and during the pitching. For instance, before doing pitch presentation, entrepreneurs must be prepared: bring own projector (anticipate if there is no projector in the pitching room), bring two laptops loaded up with the presentation materials (prevent the situation where the laptop run out of battery), bring two VGA adapters, copy of presentation on USB drive, and bring printouts of presentation materials in case all devices are not working. During the pitching, entrepreneurs should set the stage (prevent interruption), introduce self in the sixth minute (avoid the presentation becomes narration of autobiography), and master the points. Those all things rarely come up to entrepreneurs’ mind, and this book describes it clearly.

Another excellence of the book lies on how Kawasaki delivers the topic using straightforward approach. He keeps things simple, honest, and short. The acronyms like GIST, MATT and DICEE helps reader reminding the main points. This book might be ultimate entrepreneurship handbook, even if it is lack of theory background or statistics data. Kawasaki admits that some part of this book have less data to support the idea. For example, when he gives list of how to achieve humanness in The Art of Evangelizing chapter, Kawasaki says to target the young. No matter who buys the product, targeting young people forces entrepereneur  to build a human brand. He has no data to back this up, but assumes that lots of people are buying products that targeted to the young. So, it is up to readers to agree or disagree on the idea.

Instead of giving utopia or ideal world of startup, this book reveals major mistakes that entrepreneurs do in building a startup such as feeling compelled to write a business plan or telling lies in pitching. Based on Kawasaki’s list of Top Ten Lies of Entrepreneurs, when an entrepreneur says, “All we have to do is get one percent of the market.” It is what venture capitalists call the Chinese Soda Lie. It seems like mission impossible where entrepreneurs must make one percent of people in China drink their soda while competing with existing big company. Then, the venture capitalists will response with other common lies such as, “I liked your company, but my partners didn’t.” Or, “Show us some traction, and we’ll invest.” Those sentences are soft-rejection from investor, simply as they say “No” to the entrepreneurs.

In short, The Art of the Start 2.0 is a must-read book for anyone considering starting up a startup. Through this book, the author, Kawasaki focuses primarily on the venture capital approach to entrepreneur. The book covers topics like positioning startup in the market, pitching to potential investors, creating ideal business plan and presentation, bootstrapping, recruiting employees, raising capital, partnering with other firms, branding, and selling the concept to the market. It teaches readers about business that MBA programs don’t and helps them to understand the content easily.

After all, I like this book for giving me out-of-my-box idea on how to starting a startup. It widens my understanding of the reality in business world. Focusing on The Art of the Start helps me save valuable time and energy for things that will actually move myself towards my entrepreneurial goals. My motivation to start a startup is boosting after reading the book. I realized that being entrepreneur does not mean being a rich guy with big company who can do everything. In contrast, being entrepreneur means being ethical person who wants to help people and changes the world. Other thing I learned from this book is the fact of A rank will employee A+ rank. It has opened my eye that CEO is not always the best staff in the organization. The truth is a wise CEO will employ a better person than him in the team.

Intro to Technology

Week 2 Technopreneurship


DecoLens (Decoding Lens) is an eye-assistant that translates human gesture and expression into description. This lens apply algorithms to create artificial intelligence in decoding visual images into text in real time. It helps someone knowing the psychological condition of interlocutors and people around. This AI lens supports the development of business, education and social field. For example, marketing sales are helped by this DecoLens to find best product for their consumer. They are able to know the customer preferences, state of emotional and interest.

Biography Review

Joseph Alois Schumpeter (1883 – 1950) was an Austrian-born American economist and political scientist. He briefly served as Finance Minister of Austria in 1919. In 1932 he became a professor at Harvard University where he remained until the end of his career. One of the most influential economists of the 20th century, Schumpeter popularized the term “creative destruction” in economics.

Peter Drucker (1909 – 2005) – the entrepreneur is someone who actually searches for change, responds to it, and exploit change as an opportunity. He was an Austrian-born American management consultant, educator, and author, whose writings contributed to the philosophical and practical foundations of the modern business corporation. He was also a leader in the development of management education, he invented the concept known as management by objectives and self-control, and he has been described as “the founder of modern management”.



  • Liberty Fund, Inc. (2007-10-08). “Joseph Alois Schumpeter: Biography”. Retrieved 2010-09-21.
  • Stone, Brad; Vance, Ashlee (January 25, 2009). “$200 Laptops Break a Business Model”. New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-21. Indeed, Silicon Valley may be one of the few places where businesses are still aware of the ideas of Joseph Schumpeter, an economist from Austria who wrote about business cycles during the first half of the last century. He said the lifeblood of capitalism was ‘creative destruction.’ Companies rising and falling would unleash innovation and in the end make the economy stronger.
  • Drucker, Peter F. “Reflections of a Social Ecologist,” Society, May/June 1992.
  • Denning, Steve (August 29, 2014). “The Best Of Peter Drucker”. Forbes


Week 2 Technopreneurship



Week 1 Technopreneurship

What is Entrepreneurship?

  • The concept of entrepreneurship was first established in the 1700s
  • Starting one’s own business
  • One who is willing to bear the risk of a new venture if there is a significant chance for profit
  • An innovator who markets his innovation
  • Entrepreneurs develop new goods of processes that the market demands and are not currently being supplied
  • Economist Joseph Schumpeter (1883 – 1950) viewed entrepreneurship as a force of “creative destruction”
  • The entrepreneur carries out “new combinations” thereby helping render old industries obsolete
  • Established ways of doing business are destroyed by the creation of new and better ways to do them
  • Peter Drucker (1909 – 2005) – the entrepreneur is someone who actually searches for change, responds to it, and exploit change as an opportunity
  • Changes in communications – from typewriters to personal computers to the internet – illustrates these ideas
  • Entrepreneurship is a necessary ingredient for stimulating economic growth and employment opportunities in all societies
  • In the developing world, successful small businesses are the primary engines of job creation, income growth, and poverty reduction
  • Government support for entrepreneurship is a crucial strategy for economic development
  • Small businesses represent 99.7% of all employer firms (U:S. Small Business Administration (SBA)).
  • Since 1996, small businesses have generated 64% of new jobs
  • “Policies to foster entrepreneurship are essential to job creation and economic growth.” (Business and Industry Advisory Committees to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 2003)
  • Laws to en-force property fights and to encourage a competitive market system
  • Culture’s influence on entrepreneurship

What Makes Someone an Entrepreneur?

  • Who can become an entrepreneur?
  • Most successful entrepreneurs share certain personal attributes including creativity, dedication, determination, flexibility, leadership, passion, and confidence.
  • Creativity – the spark that drives the development of new products or services or ways to do business
  • Push for innovation and improvement
  • Continuous learning, questioning, and thinking “outside the box.”
  • Dedication – motivates the entrepreneur to work hard (long hours, especially at the beginning)
  • Planning and ideas must be joined by hard work
  • Dedication makes it happen
  • Determination – the extremely strong desire to achieve success
  • Persistence
  • Bounce back after failure
  • Money is not the motivation
  • Success is the motivator, money is the reward
  • Flexibility – the ability to move quickly in response to charging market needs
  • Being true in dream, being mindful of market realities
  • Adapt to market changes and needs
  • Leadership – the ability to create rules and to set goals
  • capacity to follow through to see that the rules are followed and goals are accomplished
  • Lead by examples (don’t expect others to do what you are not willing to do)
  • Passion – what gets entrepreneurs started and keeps them there
  • The ability to convince others to believe in their vision
  • Not a substitute for planning
  • Stay focused
  • Self Confidence – through planning which reduces uncertainty and the level of risk
  • Comes from expertise
  • Gives the ability to listen without being easily swayed or intimidated
  • Smart – common sense joined with knowledge or experience in a related business or endeavor
  • Common sense = good instinct
  • Knowledge = expertise
  • Organizational and financial skills
  • Employment and with it economic growth?

Things to Think

  1. What do you think machine that can easier your life?
  2. Why and how do people become entrepreneurs?
  3. Why is entrepreneurship beneficial to an economy?
  4. How can governments encourage entrepreneurship?

Final Exam ICT New Media

DeShire Project



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